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Armed forces in World War Two - Japan

Written by Sakhal

Japan 1942 - Army

Individual weapons - Pistols and revolvers: Pistol Hino Kamuro caliber 7.65 mm; pistols 4th Year (a), 14th Year and Type 94, all of caliber 8 mm; revolver 26th Year caliber 9 mm
Individual weapons - Rifles: Type 35th Year and Type 38th Year caliber 6.5 mm, Type 44th Year (b) caliber 6.5 mm, Type 97 and Type 1 caliber 6.5 mm
Individual weapons - Hand grenades: Type 10th Year (c), Type 91 (c) and Type 97 (c), Type 99 (d), Type 3 (e) and several models of incendiary and smoke grenades

Automatic weapons - Submachine guns: Type 100 caliber 8 mm
Automatic weapons - Automatic rifles: Type 11th Year and Type 96 caliber 6.5 mm, Type 99 caliber 7.7 mm
Automatic weapons - Machine guns: Type 3 caliber 6.5 mm, Type 92 and Type 1 caliber 7.7 mm, Type 91 caliber 6.5 mm (f), Type 97 caliber 7.7 mm (f), Type 89 (g) and Type 98 (g) caliber 7.7 mm

Mortars: Grenade launcher Type 89 caliber 50 mm, mortars Type 10th Year caliber 50 mm, Type 11th Year caliber 50 mm, Type 94 caliber 90 mm, Type 97 caliber 81 mm, Type 97 caliber 90 mm and Type 98 caliber 50 mm

Antitank weapons - Light: Antitank carbine Type 97 caliber 20 mm, machine gun Type 93 caliber 13.2 mm and cannon Type 1 caliber 47 mm
Antitank weapons - Heavy: Cannon Type 41th Year caliber 75 mm
Antitank weapons - Motorized: At the outbreak of the war Japan did not have antitank motorized pieces in service

Cannons: Cannons Type 11th Year caliber 37 mm, Type 94 caliber 37 mm, Type 88 caliber 75 mm (h), Type 10th Year caliber 80 mm (h) and Type 91 caliber 105 mm; howitzers Type 92 caliber 70 mm, Type 92 caliber 75 mm, Type 91 caliber 105 mm and Type 4 caliber 150 mm

Armored vehicles: Type 47 of 4.5 t, Type 95 of 7.4 t, Type 98 of 9 t and Type 1 of 17 t

Chemical weapons - Flamethrowers: Type 93 and Type 100
Chemical weapons - Gas: Poisonous bombs Type 172B-K of hydrocyanic acid and 172C-K of terbium (i)

(a) The denomination of Japanese weapons is very difficult for westerners; whereas sometimes it makes reference to the model of weapon, other times it refers to the first year of manufacture according to the Japanese calendar. For example, the expression Type 14th Year indicates that the weapon started to be produced in 1925; less frequent is the purely technical denomination and rarely it was mentioned the name of the designer or manufacturer.
(b) Cavalry rifle.
(c) Of defensive function.
(d) Of offensive function.
(e) Fired from rifle.
(f) Mounted in armored vehicles.
(g) For aviation.
(h) Antiaircraft.
(i) Rather than true bombs they were vessels, generally made of glass, without a fuze or any other kind of detonation mechanism, which developed their offensive action by means of the simple liberation of the gas contained inside them.

Japan 1942 - Navy

Battleships: 4 class Kongo of 31720 t (a), 2 class Fuso of 34700 t, 2 class Ise of 35800 t (b), 2 class Nagato of 39130 t and 1 class Yamato of 64170 t (c)

Aircraft carriers: 1 class Hosho of 7470 t, 1 class Ryujo of 10600 t, 2 class Shoho of 11262 t, 2 class Soryu of 15900 t (d), 2 class Shokaku of 25675 t, 1 class Akagi of 36500 t and 1 class Kaga of 38200 t

Heavy cruisers: 2 class Furutaka of 9150 t, 2 class Aoba of 9380 t, 2 class Tone of 11215 t, 4 class Mogami of 12400 t, 4 class Atago of 13160 t and 4 class Haguro of 13380 t

Light cruisers: 2 class Ioshima of 2461 t (e), 1 class Yubari of 2890 t, 2 class Tenryu of 3230 t, 4 class Kuma of 5100 t, 4 class Nagara of 5170 t, 3 class Sendai of 5195 t and 4 class Katori of 5890 t

Destroyers: 5 class Wakatake of 820 t, 13 class Minekaze of 1215 t, 9 class Kamikaze of 1270 t, 12 class Mutsuki of 1313 t, 10 class Shiratsuyu of 1580 t, 6 class Hatsuharu of 1715 t, 10 class Asashio of 1961 t, 18 class Kagero of 2033 t, some units (probably 7) of the class Yugumo of 2077 t, 20 class Fubuki of 2090 t and 4 class Akatsuki of 2090 t

Submarines: 4 class RO 29, 3 class RO 57, 9 class RO 60, 4 class I 1, 3 class I 9, 18 class I 15, 1 class I 16, 3 class I 64, 4 class I 121, 9 class I 153, 3 class I 165 and 6 class I 168

(a) Including Kirishima of 31980 t.
(b) Including Hyuga of 36000 t.
(c) All the Japanese battleships entered service between 1914 and 1921 and they had been successively renovated with exception of the Yamato, which entered service in 1941.
(d) Including Hiryu of 17300 t.
(e) Captured from the Chinese during war operation.

Japan 1942 - Aviation

Fighter aircraft: Mitsubishi Ki-51 (a), A5M and A6M; Nakajima A6M2-N (b), Ki-27 and Ki-43; Kawanishi Ki-45

Bomber aircraft: Mitsubishi Ki-21, G3M and G4M; Kawasaki Ki-32 and Ki-48; Aichi D3A (c); Nakajima Ki-49 and B5N (d)

Reconnaissance aircraft: Yokosuka K5Y (e) and E14Y (f); Nakajima E8 (g); Mitsubishi K3M (e), Ki-46, C5M and F1M (g); Aichi E13A (g) and Kawanishi H6K (h)

Transport aircraft: Nakajima G5M (i), Tachikawa Ki-54 and Kawasaki Ki-56

(a) Assault fighter.
(b) Embarked fighter seaplane.
(c) Dive bomber.
(d) Embarked torpedo bomber.
(e) Training aircraft.
(f) Embarked in submarines.
(g) Embarked.
(h) Seaplane.
(i) Four-engined bomber used as transport aircraft.

Armed forces in World War Two - Japan

Armed forces (equipment) of Japan in 1942.

Japan 1945 update - Army

Individual weapons - Pistols: Type 1 caliber 7.65 mm and Type 2 caliber 8 mm
Individual weapons - Rifles: Type 99 long and short, Type 99 for selected shooters, replacement of the Type 99, Type 100 and Type 2, all of caliber 7.7 mm; Type 1 of caliber 8 mm
Individual weapons - Hand grenades: Antitank bomb Type 3 (a), hand bomb Type 88 (b) and several models of incendiary and smoke bombs

Automatic weapons - Submachine guns: Type 100 Model 44 caliber 8 mm
Automatic weapons - Automatic rifles: Type 5 caliber 7.7 mm (c)
Automatic weapons - Machine guns: Type 4 (d), Type 1 Model 1, Type 1 Model 2A (e), Type 1 Model 3 (f) and Type 1 Heavy Model, all of caliber 7.7 mm; Type 100 (g) and Type 1 (g) of caliber 7.9 mm

Mortars: Type 99 and Type 3 of caliber 81 mm, several models of caliber 120 and 150 mm and one model of caliber 320 mm

Antitank weapons - Light: Fast-firing cannon Type 98 caliber 20 mm and cannon Type 96 caliber 25 mm
Antitank weapons - Heavy: Several antiaircraft pieces used as antitank, but not originally projected for this purpose
Antitank weapons - Self-propelled: During the war, Japan did not build self-propelled pieces projected for specific antitank role

Cannons: Type 14 caliber 105 mm and Type 89 caliber 150 mm (h)

Armored vehicles: Type 2 of 12 (i) and 17 t, Type 3 of 18.8 t, Type 4 of 30 t (j) and Type 5 of 37 t (k)

(a) In two versions.
(b) With case made of clay.
(c) Copy of the American Garand.
(d) For being installed in tanks.
(e) Modified Type 92.
(f) Modified Type 97.
(g) For being installed in aircraft.
(h) In field and self-propelled versions.
(i) Amphibious.
(j) Produced only in six exemplars.
(k) Only at prototype stage.

Japan 1945 update - Navy

Battleships: Musashi of 64170 t

Aircraft carriers: Shinano of 64800 t (a); Unryu, Amagi and Katsuragi of 17150, 17460 and 17260 t respectively; Otakisan Maru and Shimane Maru of 11800 t (b) and Yamashio Maru of 10100 t (b)

Light cruisers: Oyodo of 8164 t and 4 class Agano of 6652 t

Destroyers: Shimakaze of 2567 t, 13 class Yugumo of 2077 t, 12 class Akitsuki of 2071 t and 33 class Matsu of 1262 t

Submarines: 1 class I 12 (c), 2 class I 13 (e), 4 class I 15, 3 class I 46, 3 class I 52, 3 class I 54 (c), 4 class I 201, 12 class I 351 (d), 2 class I 373 (d), 5 class I 400 (f), 6 class L 40 (c), 10 class L 176, 18 class RO 35, 18 class RO 100, 9 class Ha 101 (d), 10 class Ha 201, an undefined number of Yu class transport submersibles belonging to the Army, of midget submarines and Kaiten suicide submersibles (g)

(a) Obtained by conversion from the hull of a Yamato class battleship and sunk during sea trials.
(b) She did not enter service because she was sunk in the dock, due to war causes, during her arming.
(c) Able to transport an aircraft.
(d) For transport.
(e) Able to transport two aircraft.
(f) Able to transport three aircraft.
(g) Not counted six submarines granted by Germany between 1941 and 1943, nor two Italian submarines (Capellini and Torelli) interned after the 8th September 1943.

Japan 1945 update - Aviation

Fighter aircraft: Kawanishi N1K1 and N1K2; Kawasaki Ki 61, Ki 100 (a) and Ki 102; Nakajima Ki 44 and Ki 84; Mitsubishi J2M, Ki 83, J8M (a) and A7M (a); Kyushu J7W (a)

Bomber aircraft: Nakajima Ki 49, B6N (b) and G8N (a); Yokosuka D4Y and P1Y; Mitsubishi Ki 67 and Aichi B7A (c)

Reconnaissance aircraft: Nakajima J1N (d) and C6N (e); Kokusai Ki 76 (f); Kawanishi H8K (g); Kyushu K 11 and Q1W; Aichi E 16 (h)

Transport aircraft: Mitsubishi Ki 57

Suicide aircraft: Yokosuka MXY7 (i); Nakajima Kitsuka (a)(j) and Ki 115 (k)

(a) Only as prototype or preseries model due to war reasons.
(b) Embarked torpedo bomber.
(c) Embarked torpedo bomber used only from land bases.
(d) Converted into night fighter.
(e) Embarked.
(f) Liaison aircraft.
(g) Antisubmarine seaplane.
(h) Seaplane.
(i) Rocket-propelled.
(j) Turbojet-propelled.
(k) Without operative use.

Armed forces in World War Two - Japan

Armed forces (equipment) of Japan in 1945 (update).

Categories: Statistics - World War Two - 20th Century - [General] - [General]


Website: Military History

Article submitted: 2015-10-05

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