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19 records found on category [Engineering]
Fire control systems of main battle tanks by Sakhal

During long time, the aiming of tank-mounted cannons was effectuated through a telescope coupled to them. The gunner used manual controls to align the crosshair, and hence the cannon, against the target. This required a constant training and to fire m...

[ Date: 2018-03-24 | Length: 11 Kb | Update: update ]
Optics and electronics for tanks by Sakhal

Primitive tanks were almost blind. Vision was effectuated through narrow peepholes protected by crystal blocks and rudimentary periscopes whose mirrors were polished metal plates, for crystal mirrors crashed very easily. Technology allowed to remedy t...

[ Date: 2018-03-18 | Length: 33 Kb | Update: update ]
Increase of the combat capability of the Leopard 2 by Sakhal

In the last years of the Cold War, facing the combat capability of the Leopard 2 rose the growing threat of the Warsaw Pact tanks, and not only because of the numbers, but also because of the notorious increase in quality, for the range and effects of the...

[ Date: 2018-01-28 | Length: 21 Kb | Update: update ]
AMX Leclerc - Main battle tank for the year 2000 by Sakhal

Coming from GIAT (Groupement Industriel des Armaments Terrestres), the AMX Leclerc is the latest French development of a main battle tank, destined to serve with the French Army from the 1990s. At that time it should replace the AMX-30B2, which had to...

[ Date: 2017-12-24 | Length: 19 Kb | Update: update ]
The modern escort warship by Sakhal

The Task Forces of the United States Navy have their antimissile, antiaircraft and antisubmarine defense entrusted to the Ticonderoga-class cruisers (CG-47 onwards) and the Arleigh Burke- class destroyers (DDG-51 onwards), polyvalent ships provided wit...

[ Date: 2016-05-26 | Length: 18 Kb | Update: update ]
Amphibious landing craft of World War Two by Sakhal

LCM At the beginning of World War Two, the belligerent powers, despite having developed in many cases a technology and a military technique of high level, had not still taken into consideration, in a proper perspective, the problem of eventual landin...

[ Date: 2015-10-14 | Length: 8 Kb | Update: update ]
Assault means of the Regia Marina by Sakhal

Of surface Tourism Speedboat (1st and 2nd series) Characteristics: lenght: 5.20 meters; total weight: 1100 kilograms; warhead: 330 kilograms; maximum speed: 33 knots; operational range: 150 kilometers; year: 1936. Observations: explosive hulls den...

[ Date: 2015-08-30 | Length: 11 Kb | Update: update ]
The need for speed by Sakhal

For many historians, the 1930s constituted the golden age of the aviation, or at least the algid phase known as "interwar period". Everything seemed possible: the long transcontinental flights, the records of altitude, the records of speed that fell o...

[ Date: 2015-06-24 | Length: 14 Kb | Update: update ]
Railway artillery by Sakhal

Max E The Schiffskanone L/35 Max Eisenbahn und Bettungs Gerust of caliber 380 millimeters was a naval cannon adaptable to any railroad or to a barbette, as the ones used for coastal defense, and the Max E was the Eisenbahn or railway version. When ...

[ Date: 2015-06-23 | Length: 14 Kb | Update: update ]
Special tanks of the D Day by Sakhal

When approaching the date of the massive disembarkation in Normandy, all the German defensive line known as the Atlantic Wall, destined to block the eventual invaders of the territories occupied by the Third Reich, boiled with work. Under the guidance...

[ Date: 2015-06-20 | Length: 11 Kb | Update: update ]
Cheap means of sinking a ship by Sakhal

Magnetic mines During 1940 Germany surrounded Britain with dangerous minefields to destroy the convoys that coming from the United States supplied the country and its war effort, and to sabotage any attempt from British armies to reach the continenta...

[ Date: 2015-06-12 | Length: 15 Kb | Update: update ]
Towards the modern fortification by Sakhal

The fortification after the Middle Age First cannons benefited more the defense of castles than their siege, due mainly to their low firepower and range. Medieval castles resisted the impacts and forced the attackers to a certain proximity, making them v...

[ Date: 2014-10-24 | Length: 15 Kb | Update: update ]
Henschel missiles by Sakhal

The company Henschel Flugzeugwerke was constituted in 1933 as the aeronautic affiliate of the large company of the same name located in Kassel and dedicated to manufacturing trucks and locomotives. That new corporation was the first one in the world that...

[ Date: 2014-10-21 | Length: 14 Kb | Update: update ]
Fieseler Fi 103 flying bomb by Sakhal

This artifact, probably the first guided missile that was employed in massive quantities and one of the biggest weapon systems in History, was a pioneer of the modern cruise missiles, born from the investigations about pulse-jet engines started in 192...

[ Date: 2014-10-17 | Length: 9 Kb | Update: update ]
Special weapons of the Wehrmacht by Sakhal

This article describes some special weapons either used by or projected for the Wehrmacht during the Second World War. It is notable how German technicians in that time showed an exceptional imagination and wit when designing the weaponry that should ...

[ Date: 2014-10-06 | Length: 9 Kb | Update: update ]
Missiles of the A series by Sakhal

The A-4 developed in the Nazi Germany was the foundation of the modern missiles and the Space Era, the first missile that abandoned the physiognomy of a rudimentary drone that was characteristic of other designs of that time, the first missile that re...

[ Date: 2014-10-04 | Length: 15 Kb | Update: update ]
Secret weapons of the Third Reich by Sakhal

In the last years of the conflict, Germany produced a certain number of rocket and jet-propelled weapons among the diverse artifacts that should have caused a change in the trajectory of war. Many of them had been devised already before the war for scient...

[ Date: 2014-09-30 | Length: 16 Kb | Update: update ]
Kamikaze weapons of Japan by Sakhal

After the Second World War, very many journalists and writers have dedicated dozens of books trying to explain to the western mentality the causes of the kamikaze phenomenon. But nobody managed to give a valid explanation to the questions that our cur...

[ Date: 2014-09-27 | Length: 12 Kb | Update: update ]
Experimental ships 1861-65 by Sakhal

During the American Civil War (1861-65) entered experimental action some of the first ironclads and submersible boats, whose impact on the war was certainly not decisive, but these undoubtedly opened a new stage in the history of naval warfare. This a...

[ Date: 2014-09-24 | Length: 9 Kb | Update: update ]