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The hunt for the Bismarck by Sakhal

Anchored in the docks at Gdynia (Poland), the Bismarck departed for her first and last war action the 19th May 1941, followed by the Prinz Eugen. The Scharnhorst and her sister Gneisenau were unable to accompany the Bismarck due to their severe breakd...

[ Date: 2015-02-02 | Length: 21 Kb | Update: Never ]
The military utilization of shotguns by Sakhal

Shotguns have demonstrated their effectiveness as military weapons in close combat, assaults to trenches, urban combat, dense forests and guard duties. Still, few were the models declared as reglamentary by the armed forces in general since it was har...

[ Date: 2015-02-01 | Length: 22 Kb | Update: Never ]
Sturmgewehr 44 assault rifle by Sakhal

Historical background Already during the First World War, Germany, through the Gewehre Prufungs Kommission (Rifle Evaluation Committee), a tactical-technical organization of the Army whose purpose was to evaluate the behavior and prestations of the p...

[ Date: 2015-01-30 | Length: 23 Kb | Update: Never ]
German air-to-surface missiles 1939-45 by Sakhal

Glider torpedoes In the late 1930s, the Ministry of Aviation (Luftministerium) financed the development of torpedoes specially conditioned for aerial utilization. Particularly it was impulsed the model LT (Luft Torpedo or Aerial Torpedo) F5b, weighin...

[ Date: 2015-01-29 | Length: 33 Kb | Update: Never ]
Air-to-surface tactical missiles by Sakhal

During the 1970s the development of air-to-surface missiles for tactical uses experimented a notable progress, above all regarding anti-ship, anti-radar and precision guidance systems. Here starts a chapter in which, as it happens with a good share of...

[ Date: 2015-01-28 | Length: 16 Kb | Update: Never ]
German unguided rocketry 1943-45 by Sakhal

Germany, very strong in the field of anti-aircraft cannons, did not have in much consideration the missilistic field until the late 1943, when it was considered that it was necessary another method of anti-aircraft defense. The reluctance to build rockets...

[ Date: 2015-01-24 | Length: 10 Kb | Update: Never ]
German anti-aircraft missiles 1940-45 by Sakhal

It is not much what is known about the Hecht, the German pioneer of surface-to-air missiles developed by Rheinmetall-Borsig, except that its name means "pike", its length was 2.5 meters, its diameter was 0.381 meters, its wingspan was 0.95 meters and ...

[ Date: 2015-01-23 | Length: 30 Kb | Update: 2018-02-06 ]
Air war over Vietnam by Sakhal

Air attack against North Vietnam From the large bombers to the agile fighters, from the tankers to the helicopters, from the turbojet to the piston engine, the most varied typology of aircraft was used in the most diverse missions in the Vietnamese s...

[ Date: 2015-01-21 | Length: 19 Kb | Update: Never ]
Electronic air war during the Vietnam War by Sakhal

During the Vietnam War electronic war constituted a long and acerbated conflict in which the warlike elements of both sides demanded from scientists and technicians a constant renovation of measures and countermeasures in which each progress was to be cou...

[ Date: 2015-01-20 | Length: 8 Kb | Update: Never ]
The infantry at combat in the Vietnam War by Sakhal

As in any conventional war, in the Vietnam War the bulk of the confrontations was carried by the infantry. This article shows some of the warlike activities carried by the armies of United States and South Vietnam, with a detailed description of a typ...

[ Date: 2015-01-19 | Length: 14 Kb | Update: Never ]
Soviet rocket artillery - From Katyusha to Smerch by Sakhal

Two Russian state-owned corporations, SPLAV and Rosvoorouzhenie, presented in the shooting range at Orenburg, ending the 20th century, an improved version of the multiple launch rocket system (MLRS) BM-21 "Grad", a system in use in Russia and in other...

[ Date: 2015-01-16 | Length: 15 Kb | Update: 2015-01-16 ]
ZSU-57-2 and ZSU-23-4 anti-aircraft artillery by Sakhal

ZSU-57-2 The ZSU-57-2 was the first Soviet self-propelled anti-aircraft artillery system that entered service in large scale after the Second World War (in 1955-56). It was introduced in the Red Army to provide anti-aircraft defense to the armored fo...

[ Date: 2015-01-14 | Length: 8 Kb | Update: Never ]
Warfare in the 20th century I by Sakhal

This article summarizes the key aspects that characterized warfare during the 20th century. During that century military technology advanced so much that it can be considered that the 20th century alone produced a higher diversity of warfare elements than...

[ Date: 2015-01-13 | Length: 22 Kb | Update: Never ]
Warfare in the 20th century II by Sakhal

First part of this article: Warfare in the 20th century -I- The great innovations The infantryman started the 20th century having as weapon a repeating rifle and a bayonet. In the Second World War he already used semiautomatic rifles and automatic perso...

[ Date: 2015-01-13 | Length: 23 Kb | Update: Never ]
Helicopters of the NATO during the Cold War by Sakhal

In the 1980s, seven countries of the NATO (Belgium, Great Britain, France, West Germany, Italy, Holland and United States) had or expected to have in service attack helicopters, those whose main mission is general and anti-tank combat. Since time ago,...

[ Date: 2015-01-10 | Length: 14 Kb | Update: Never ]
Helicopters of the Warsaw Pact by Sakhal

The Soviets took advantage from a western idea and a well-intentioned gift from an American president to create a powerful threat. Starting from a passenger helicopter Sikorsky VH-3 that United States president Dwight D. Eisenhower gave as a gift to Sovie...

[ Date: 2015-01-08 | Length: 10 Kb | Update: Never ]
Soviet strategic missiles - From SS-3 to SS-8 by Sakhal

From the mid 1950s the Soviet Union had in service their first strategic missiles. Albeit Soviet strategic missiles were destined to European targets as well, the biggest effort was put in the construction of powerful intercontinental ballistic missil...

[ Date: 2015-01-07 | Length: 12 Kb | Update: Never ]
Titan ballistic missile by Sakhal

Along with the Minuteman II and Minuteman III, the Titan II constituted from the mid 1960s to the mid 1980s the only force of ICBM deployed in the western world. The strong increment - not only in number but in precision and destructive power as well ...

[ Date: 2015-01-06 | Length: 11 Kb | Update: Never ]
Atlas ballistic missile by Sakhal

The Atlas was the first intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) in the western world. The program started when the United States Air Force (USAF) discovered that their standpoint about such type of weapon was wrong. This concept of ICBM was recognized a...

[ Date: 2015-01-05 | Length: 9 Kb | Update: Never ]
Strategic missiles of the Cold War by Sakhal

This history begins with the German missile A4, better known as V-2, which was widely used during the last months of the Second World War. Despite being a primitive design, it is not unworthy of the subsequent missiles. In spite of the perfection of i...

[ Date: 2015-01-04 | Length: 17 Kb | Update: Never ]
M4 Sherman medium tank by Sakhal

The design of which would become the M4 medium tank started one day after it was ordered the production of the M3, in the late August 1940. In that time, the British were preparing for the threat of a German invasion while France, Belgium and Holland ...

[ Date: 2015-01-03 | Length: 25 Kb | Update: Never ]
PT-76 amphibious tank by Sakhal

During the years immediately after the Second World War, Soviet projectists developed light all-terrain vehicles as a starting point to incorporate some of the lessons learned with the light tanks produced in small numbers during the previous decade. From...

[ Date: 2015-01-01 | Length: 7 Kb | Update: Never ]
T-54/T-55 medium tank by Sakhal

The first line tanks with which the Soviet Union ended the Second World War - the medium tank T-34/85 and the heavy tanks IS-2 and IS-3 - maybe were not the best ones, but their overwhelming quantities in the first place, and also a skillful tactical ...

[ Date: 2014-12-30 | Length: 16 Kb | Update: Never ]
IS heavy tanks by Sakhal

When in August 1968 the Soviet tanks marched by the roads of Prague and not exactly like in a parade, the military observers noticed that those were the same vehicles that had marched through Berlin in 1953 and through Budapest in 1956. They belonged ...

[ Date: 2014-12-27 | Length: 17 Kb | Update: Never ]
PzKpfw VI Tiger II heavy tank by Sakhal

It is a fact that, as soon as a weapons system starts to be produced, the idea of its successor has to be developed. Thus, as soon as the assembly lines of Henschel, Krupp and Porsche started to work in the Tiger, it was ordered to these companies to ...

[ Date: 2014-12-26 | Length: 12 Kb | Update: 2014-12-27 ]